Relations of the European Union towards Israel
AbstractRelations between the European Union and Israel date back to the establishment of the European Economic Community. Israel was one of the first to recognize the Community as a subject under international law; the country was soon aware of the Community’s growing economic and political significance. Nowadays relations between the two are founded on a similar culture, created by the make-up of the population and history of Israel, by the advanced development of the state, by the high skills of its labour force as well as by the technological opportunities offered by Israel.
In trade and tariff provisions, agreements anticipate a greater reciprocity than the agreements between the European Union and other economically less advanced Mediterranean states. But at the same time they go beyond the framework of mere economic cooperation and open greater prospects for extensive cooperation, mainly in the field of top technology.
The author first deals in detail with the trade political development of relations between the European Union and Israel. This applies in practice to a trade agreement of 4 June 1964, to the first preferential agreement of 29 June 1970, to the second preferential agreement of 11 May 1975, to supplementary and financial protocols adopted in 1977 and to the association agreement of 20 November 1995. In addition, he devotes attention to Israel’s relations with EFTA.
The author then considers the prospects of Israel’s full membership in the European Union and finally turns his attention to the political and economic attitude of the European Union towards Mediterranean states as a whole among whom Israel holds a special position.
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