The Activity of WTO Member States in the Trade Policy Review Mechanism

  • Jan Karlas
  • Michal Parízek
Keywords: World Trade Organization, Trade Policy Review Mechanism, trade policy, international institutions, international organizations, monitoring, transparency


This article explores the variation in the reviewing activity of the member states of the World Trade Organization (WTO) in the Trade Policy Review Mechanism (TPRM). It puts forward a comprehensive descriptive account of the member states’ reviewing activity in the TPRM in the years 2013 and 2014. The account is based on a quantitative analysis of 12 000 written questions and a quantitative and content analysis of more than 8000 statements made within the TPRM in the given period. Empirically, we identify a gap between the reviewing activity of several of the largest actors, namely Canada, China, the EU, and the USA, and that of the rest of the WTO membership. Nevertheless, we also find out that the TPRM is not dominated by the most powerful actors since a relatively high number of the member states display a considerable amount of reviewing activity.

Author Biographies

Jan Karlas

Born in 1978, he is the head of the Department of International Relations and a guarantor of the International Relations / Master in International Relations (MAIN) programme at the Institute of Political Studies of the Faculty of Social Sciences (FSV UK) in Prague. He studied International Relations at the Faculty of Social Sciences, and International Relations and European Studies at Central European University in Budapest. In 2003-2009 he worked as a researcher at the Institute of International Relations in Prague. He deals with global governance and European integration in his research.

Michal Parízek
Born in 1985, he is assistant professor of International Relations at the Institute of Political Studies of the Faculty of Social Sciences, Charles University in Prague. In his research, he studies the design and functioning of international institutions on multilateral negotiations. Empirically, his focus is on the World Trade Organization and the European Union. He lectures on international institutions, negotiations, game theory and quantitative methods. He studied at Charles University in Prague, the University of Bath, Princeton University and Freie Universität Berlin.

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