The Activity of WTO Member States in the Trade Policy Review Mechanism
AbstractThis article explores the variation in the reviewing activity of the member states of the World Trade Organization (WTO) in the Trade Policy Review Mechanism (TPRM). It puts forward a comprehensive descriptive account of the member states’ reviewing activity in the TPRM in the years 2013 and 2014. The account is based on a quantitative analysis of 12 000 written questions and a quantitative and content analysis of more than 8000 statements made within the TPRM in the given period. Empirically, we identify a gap between the reviewing activity of several of the largest actors, namely Canada, China, the EU, and the USA, and that of the rest of the WTO membership. Nevertheless, we also find out that the TPRM is not dominated by the most powerful actors since a relatively high number of the member states display a considerable amount of reviewing activity.
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