Czechoslovak Foreign Policy towards Israel in 1950–1955

  • Eva Taterová
Keywords: Czechoslovakia, Cold War, diplomacy, foreign policy, Israel, Middle East

Abstract

The aim of this article is to describe in detail and to understand the evolution of the bilateral Czechoslovak-Israeli political relations in 1950–1955. The mutual relations in this period can be considered as very unfavourable or even hostile.
The early 1950s were marked by the political processes in Czechoslovakia. Due to the proclamations of antisemitism by Czechoslovak authorities, the diplomatic relations between Czechoslovakia and Israel were harmed significantly. The open hostility escalated after the detentions of two Israeli citizens in Czechoslovakia in December 1951. In response, a radical Zionist group called the Kingdom of Israel launched two attacks on the building of the Czechoslovak embassy in Tel Aviv. A temporary improvement of the mutual relations occurred in 1955, but this process was ceased by the Suez Crisis in 1956.

Author Biography

Eva Taterová
born in 1987, she graduated from the International Relations program of the Faculty of Social Studies, Masaryk University in the Czech Republic, and the International Masters of Arts Program in Middle East Studies of Ben-Gurion University of the Negev in Israel. Currently, she works as a researcher at the Faculty of Regional Development and International Studies, Mendel University in Brno, Czech Republic. Her research interests include the political development and history of the Middle East region, especially the Israeli-Palestinian peace process and the Czechoslovak foreign policy towards Israel.
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Consultations