Creting the China Dream: Changes in Chinese Political Modernity and Foreign Policy

  • Aleš Karmazin
Keywords: Chinese foreign policy, Xi Jinping, China Dream, One Belt One Road, political modernity, identity


The paper deals with how the slogan “China Dream” of Xi Jinping and the subsequent development of the slogan impact on China’s (foreign) policy and modern political project. To do so, it builds upon a pragmatic theory of social change supplemented with the literature on multiple modernities. What is analyzed in it is how the politics of the China Dream leads to new crucial projects like the One Belt One Road initiative and other, more specific ones. The paper shows that the China Dream unfolds from a combination of moral and strategic reasons to mutual connections between old and new ideas, concepts and projects. Thus, the politics of the China Dream is not based on rethinking the theory and practice of (foreign) policy de novo, but rather on creative connections between old and new elements.

Author Biography

Aleš Karmazin

born in 1987, he is a Ph.D. candidate at the Institute of Political Studies of the Faculty of Social Sciences, Charles University. He received his M.Sc.(Econ.) in International Relations from Aberystwyth University, and his M.Sc. in China in Comparative Perspective from the London School of Economics, where he was awarded the Fei Xiaotong Prize for the best M.Sc. dissertation in the respective programme. He was also a visiting research fellow at Peking University. His research interests include constructivist and critical theoretical approaches in IR, the domestic and foreign policy of China and India, international relations in East Asia, the issue of international order and state sovereignty. His Ph.D. thesis focuses on construction and organization of sovereign states in China and India.