Democracy and Social Conflict in Burma
This article aims to evaluate the implications of the general elections in Burma in 2015 for the ongoing armed conflicts in this country. The article is conceptually based on Edward Azar’s theory of protracted social conflict. This theory was chosen because ethnic armed organizations in Burma have always emphasized needs such as securing their own identity, security, and the possibility of political participation, which are the main tenets of Azar’s theory. For the purposes of this article, a series of field studies in selected locations was carried out in the years 2016–2017. This research has complemented some of the previous findings of a number of authors who have dealt with the region and has shown that the main obstacle to settling the conflict is the current Burmese constitution, which was issued in 2008 by the former military government at the end of its reign.
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