Perennially Perishable? Development Trends in the Set of De Facto States

  • Štěpán Podhrázský Masarykova univerzita, Brno, Czech Republic,
  • Petr Daněk Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic,
Keywords: Unrecognised states; sovereignty; security and political indicators; quantitative analysis; indicator of internal sovereignty; partial international recognition; pupet states.


De facto states have moved from a periphery to the center of academic attention during the last two decades. The objective of the paper is an identification of characteristic development trends within a set of these non-state territorial political units, and it investigates the relation between the degree of their internal sovereignty and their level of partial international recognition. The quantitative method for assessment of the degree of internal sovereignty is based on a set of seven indicators and an aggregate “indicator of internal sovereignty”. The set of de facto states is composed of 26 entities whose development is analyzed from 2001 to 2018. The results confirmed a relationship between the development of world politics and the development trends within the set of de facto states, a significant influence of partial international recognition on the level of internal sovereignty, and a close relation between security and political indicators of sovereignty.

Author Biographies

Štěpán Podhrázský, Masarykova univerzita, Brno, Czech Republic,

Štěpán Podhrázský is a student of the doctoral degree programme Social Geography and Regional Development at Masaryk University. His main research focuses on unrecognized territorial entities existing in the contemporary political geographical space around the world in a broader context.

Petr Daněk, Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic,

Petr Daněk is a lecturer in human geography at the Faculty of Science, Masaryk University in the Czech Republic. His research interests span topics in political, development and environmental geography. His publications include the books Approaching the Other (2008), Geographic Thought (2013) and India: Society and Economy in Transformation (2014). Since 2018 he leads a multidisciplinary team within the project Spaces of Quiet Sustainability, which is supported by the Czech Science Foundation.

Research Articles