The Motivation of Diplomatic Switch of Selected States Newly Recognizing China Within the China-Taiwan Rivalry

Keywords: People’s Republic of China, Taiwan, the China-Taiwan relationship, the China-Taiwan rivalry, motivation of states, recognition of states, non-economic motivation

Abstract

The recent considerable loss of many of Taiwan’s diplomatic allies remains unchanged. The authors of the article focus on the period between 2016 and 2018, when the People’s Republic of China (PRC) established its diplomatic ties with Taiwan’s former allies such as Gambia, Burkina Faso, the Dominican Republic, Panama, São Tomé and Príncipe and El Salvador. The aim is to explore whether the diplomatic transition was the outcome of dollar diplomacy alone, or if there were further motivations influencing the recognition process. The diplomatic overturn was analysed within six case studies with a specific focus on the non-economic motivations. In conclusion, the authors found out that the examined cases are different from each other – in terms of not only the motivations themselves but also the ‘levels’ of these motivations. In most of the cases, it was possible to detect at least one significant non-economic motivation for the diplomatic switch.

Author Biographies

Zdeněk Rod, University of West Bohemia, Pilsen, Czech Republic, zdenek.rod@yahoo.com

Zdeněk Rod completed his master’s studies in international relations at the University of West Bohemia in Pilsen. Simultaneously, he is a fellow at CSAP in Prague.

Michal Himmer, University of West Bohemia, Pilsen, Czech Republic, majkl37@kap.zcu.cz

Michal Himmer completed his master’s studies in law and international relations at the University of West Bohemia in Pilsen. Currently, he is pursuing a PhD degree in international relations at the same university.

Section
Research Articles