Plagues of Egypt – the COVID-19 crisis and the role of securitization dilemmas in the authoritarian regime survival strategies in Egypt and Turkey

Keywords: authoritarianism, COVID-19, discursive hegemony, Egypt, monopolization, regime survival strategies, securitization, securitization dilemma, selective securitization, Turkey

Abstract

The research looks into the authoritarian regime survival strategies in Egypt and Turkey during the COVID-19 pandemic. Furthermore, it examines how the autocratic rulers in both countries dealt with the securitization dilemma caused by the coronavirus outbreak. It applies securitization theory and the concept of selective securitization to argue that although both Abdel Fattah el-Sisi’s and Recep Tayyip Erdoğan’s rule were at some point expected to be shaken by the pandemic, the COVID-19 securitization dilemmas had an important role in helping to prolong the autocratic directions of their respective countries. Additionally, the article demonstrates that the securitization of the COVID-19   pandemic in Egypt and Turkey follows a certain political pattern where every crisis constitutes an opportunity for expanding the regimes’ powers at the expense of citizens’ rights.

Author Biography

Michaela Grančayová, Comenius University, Bratislava, Slovakia, michaela.grancayova@fses.uniba.sk

Michaela Grančayová is a PhD student at the Faculty of Social and Economic Sciences of Comenius University in Bratislava, Slovakia. She earned her master’s degree in Translation and Interpreting (Arabic Language and Culture, and English Language and Culture) from the Faculty of Arts of Comenius University. In her PhD thesis, she deals with the role of Egyptian women in the democratization processes within the Arab Spring. Among the topics of her interest are the Arab Spring, Arab feminism, autocratic regimes, the Middle East, modern trends in Islam, Islamophobia, populism, radicalism, securitization theory and Muslim women in European politics.

Section
Research Articles