UN Peacekeeping Operations in Africa in the Post-Cold War Era: The Determinants of Success
AbstractUN peacekeeping operations are viewed as a relevant instrument of conflict resolution in the post-Cold War era. A significant part of them operates in Africa, the place with the largest “demand” for conflict resolution. Why are some operations successful, while others not? What are the determinants of their success? The author focuses on six determinants relevant for the outcome of peacekeeping operations: support of the UN Security Council, a clear and feasible mandate, equipment and size of the operation, duration of the operation, will of the belligerents to end the conflict peacefully and support of an African regional organization. Based on case studies representing ten UN peacekeeping operations in Africa, the author evaluates the determinants of success and thus shows the difficult striving of UN peacekeeping for success.
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