The Federal Model and Europe's Reality: A Crisis of Legitimacy and its Overcoming
AbstractThis analysis focuses on the role of the federal Europe model in the present stage of the European integration. The European Union' appropriate constitutional form primarly depends on a political decision. Such a decision must be based on democratic legitimacy conferred by political nations of the member states, and not on a delusionary conception of the European demos. If the politicians decide to continue European integration, a federal structure for European decision making must be established, with its typical features: subsidiarity and a clear division of competences. Contrary to the traditional federative models, both German and American, the European federal model cannot be based on the concept of a federal nation. The individual political nations will remain the source of its sovereignity. As a result we can talk of federal elements without a federation, or of a consociative federation without a federal state concept.
Mezinárodní vztahy / Czech Journal of International Relations publishes under Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication. Anyone is allowed to use, share, copy, distribute, or display the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal. The journal allows others to copy, distribute and display only original copies of our publications.