The Normative Values Behind the Energy Strategies of the EU and China in Africa
AbstractThe article compares the foreign energy strategies of the EU and the PRC on the African continent within the context of the efforts of ensuring the diversifiction of the supply of fossil fuels. Both actors are connecting some sets of values to their strategies, and these values are integral to their perception of the international environment. The main purpose of the article is to compare these strategies, especially in the context of the values that are connected with them – e.g. state sovereignty, human rights, and social responsibility – and the impact of these values on the form of the energetic strategies. While the EU urges normative values such as democratic government, human rights and quality public domain management, the PRC adheres to the values of non-interference, state sovereignty and, last but not least, the principle of “One China”. Despite the fact that, rhetorically, the two actors share some of the same principles, they are applied differently by each actor due to the actors’ diametrically different understandings of these principles. In addition to that, it is necessary to lay emphasis on the difference between the official and the actual strategies of both actors.
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