The upsurge year of the "Lusofônia"

  • Jan Klíma


For the Community of the Portuguese-Speaking Countries (CPLP - founded in 1996), the past year brought about certain historical events. The Summit held in Brasilia on 31 July - 1 August 2002, discussed fundamental political, economic, as well as health and linguistic questions, thus stimulating mutual solidarity among all member-states. Individual countries CPLP registered important events as well.
After the death of Jonas Savimbi, Angola closed the civil war history of 41 years. The reconstruction of the ruined country, as well as the restoration of its important regional role can be accelerated within the favorable international milieu. However, the relatively stable Mozambique is a proof that a larger peacetime (since 1994) is not a sufficient condition to solve such problems as poverty, non-efficient economy or mine fields. Guinea-Bissau continues to be a negative example of durable instability, disruption and unqualified governments, which are the main obstacles in developing an effective co-operation with
CPLP, West Africa, African Union or UNO. On the contrary, the Republic of Cape Verde has built a prosperous model of an internationally active developing country, which leads the five African Portuguese-speaking countries (PALOP) - as for the living standard - without having significant sources. The further insular Republic of Săo Tomé and Principe was not completely successful in imitating such a model. On both islands, a weak spirit of enterprise and low developing dynamics caused strikes and unrest. However, the new Prime Minister is resolute about solving local problems at a faster pace. Proclaiming its independence on 20 May 2002, the East Timor made a historical step in enriching the international community as a sovereign republic. At first, the small Asian country was admitted into the CPLP in Brasilia and afterwards into the UNO in New York. The new East Timor Republic can compensate its minimum sources for broad international contacts. Brazil, the host country of the Summit, did not become a driving element of the Community, as it had been expected before. The largest Latin American democracy met with grave economic and social limits, the balance of the "Plan Real", as well as the destiny of the regional integration MERCOSUR. This was evidenced by presidential elections. That is why Portugal remains a spiritus agens of the CPLP with its deep engagement, cooperative willingness, and the exemplar strengthening of traditional cultural, civilization and language links.

Author Biography

Jan Klíma