Iran: Three Models for an Analysis of Nuclear Motivations

  • Ondřej Filipec
  • Juraj Hanuliak
Keywords: Iran, motivations, proliferation, nuclear weapons, Sagan

Abstract

This article deals with the Iranian motivations for building military nuclear programme. The motivations are analyzed through three models presented by Scott D. Sagan (1997): the security model, the domestic politics model and the norm model. These models are used in a competitive way. We claim that despite the fact that all the models are able to find certain motivations in the case of Iran, the security model is the best model in terms of applicability, but only when its weak aspects are overcome. Regarding the domestic politics model we were able to identify the structures (the Revolutionary Guards and scientists) which might have the greatest profit from Iran’s nuclearization. However, other motivations within the political system are hardly found. From the perspective of the normative model we discuss the role of international and cultural norms in the context of the Iranian nuclear programme, and we especially discuss the image of modernity, nationalism and the double standard applied from the side of the Western countries in connection with this topic.

Author Biographies

Ondřej Filipec

Born in 1986, he is an assistant at the Department of Politics and European Studies (KPES) of the Faculty of Philosophy at Palacky University (UP), where he teaches courses focused on European integration and the issue of weapons of mass destruction. He studied Political Science and European Studies at KPES, and European Studies with a focus on European Law at the Law Faculty of UP. He also studied European Studies at the University of The Hague. He completed internships in the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons and the European Commission, and he also completed the training course at the Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organisation. He is currently writing a dissertation on the chemical regulation REACH.

Juraj Hanuliak

Born in 1986, he studied Political Science at the Faculty of Arts and the Social Sciences Faculty of the University of Sts. Cyril and Methodius in Trnava. Currently he is a postgraduate student of Political Science at the Department of Political Science and European Studies, Palacky University in Olomouc, and he also studies Political and Cultural Geography at the Department of Social Geography and Regional Development of the Faculty of Natural Sciences at the University of Ostrava. The main areas of his interest include the Baltic region, its historical and political development, theory of democracy and non-democratic regimes and political geography.

Section
Research Articles